Meet Our Team

    • kaszycka
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    Katarzyna A. Kaszycka

    Head of the Department

    PhD, DSc

    • koscinski
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    Krzysztof Kościński

    Assistant Professor

    PhD, DSc

    • grazyna
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    Grażyna Liczbińska

    Assistant Professor

    PhD, DSc


    Renata Koziarska-Kasperczyk

    Technical Staff


Our Research

What we do

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Our Projects

We do our BEST

‘Race’ – how human variation is perceived and categorized

People tend to classify the perceived variations of the living world, including humans, typologically. This manner of thinking is contradictory to our knowledge of evolution, yet seems to persist. Of interest is whether the academic community from different countries, traditions and cultures perceive human biological variation in the same racial terms, and on which factors the nature of this perception depends.

Status of a population of the Philippine tarsier

The project aims to identify threats to the Bohol population of the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta), estimate the scale of poaching, predatory pressure, and the prevalence of these primates in the Bilar region, as well as to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the local community towards this species. The results obtained will be useful for the protection of one of the world’s 25 most endangered primate species.

Biological basis for preferences for human body mass and shape

Male preference for women’s body mass differs substantially from population to population. It is difficult to accurately measure preference for body mass and shape and the results depend on the method being applied. Refined methods need to be ​used to provide more accurate determinations of these preferences. An ethological approach ​facilitates explanation of the inter-population diversity in preferences.

Evolution of human female breasts

Permanent breast enlargement from puberty onwards is a unique characteristic of human females. A convincing evolutionary explanation of this phenomenon has not yet been provided. Analysis of psychological, physiological, inter-population and inter-species data can assist in the formulation of such explanation.

Demography of populations from historical Polish lands

The aim of this project is to characterize family structure, reproductive patterns and changes in family models in the Polish lands in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Fertility transformation patterns in migrants from rural areas to industrial cities are examined. The phenomenon of illegitimate births and marriage patterns is also investigated.

Obesity and longevity in India

The aim of the project is to examine obesity in India and its relationship to lifestyle, diet, size of the place of residence, religious denomination, ethnicity, etc., in women from selected states and districts of India. The relationship between obesity and fertility of women is also studied.

Style of life in prehistoric populations

The main objective of the project is the determination of the biological and cultural characteristics of the Lusatian cultural community on the basis of remains from the cemetery in Wicin, including paleodemographic analyses of the biological dynamics of this population.

Most recent Publications

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Budnik A, Henneberg M. Worldwide Increase of Obesity Is Related to the Reduced Opportunity for Natural Selection. Plos One. 2017; 12(1): e0170098.

Czapla Z, Liczbińska G, Piontek J. Body mass index values in the gentry and peasantry in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Poland. J Biosoc Sci. 2017; 49: 364–79.

Kaszycka KA. Paranthropus robustus. [in] T.K. Shackelford, V.A. Weekes-Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, Springer International Publishing AG, 2017; 2017.

Kaszycka KA. The Australopithecines – An Extinct Group of Human Ancestors: My Scientific Interest in South Africa. Werkwinkel. Journal of Low Countries and South African Studies. 2017; 12(1): 65-75.s

Liczbińska G. Ewangelicy w prowincji poznańskiej w XIX I początkach XX wieku. Transformacja płodności, umieralności i systemu kojarzeń małżeńskich. Wrocław: Stowarzyszenie Aktywnego Wspierania Gospodarki. (in press).

Liczbińska G. Between religion and environment. Mortality and its causative factors in Greater Poland in the 19thcentury. Hist Soc Res. 2017; 42: 1–20.

Liczbińska G, Czapla Z, Piontek J, Malina RM. Body size of young adult Polish college-age women born before, during and after WWII. Am J Hum Biol. 2017; DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23040.

Liczbińska G, Syska E, Koziarska-Kasperczyk R, Kledzik A. An urban family in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: Pilot studies of marital fertility and Poznań families conducted on the basis of domicile files included in the Municipal Records of the city residents. J Interdiscipl Hist. (accepted 2017; in press).

Łukasik S, Bijak J, Krenz-Niedbała M, Liczbińska G, Sinika V, Piontek J. Warriors die young: increased mortality in early adulthood of Scythians from Glinoe, Moldova, 4th-2nd c. BC. J Anthropol Res. 2017; 73(4): 584–616.

Budnik A. Możliwości odtwarzania struktury genetycznej populacji na podstawie źródeł historycznych. [in] S. Kozieł (ed.), Wielowymiarowość badań  biodemograficznych i związki z innymi naukami. Wyd. Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź, 2016; s. 61–76.

Budnik A., Henneberg M. The Appearance of a New Social Class of Wealthy Commoners in the 19th and the Early 20th Century Poland and Its Biological Consequences. [in] S. Koziel, R. Chakraborty, K. Bose (eds.), Biological Implications of Human Mobility, NOVA Scientific Publications, New York, 2016; ss. 25.

Kaszycka KA. Australopithecus robustus societies – one-male or multimale? South African Journal of Science. 2016; 112(1/2): 124–31.

Kaszycka KA. Obituary: Professor Jan Strzałko (1943–2016). Anthropological Review. 2016, 79(4): 371–73.

Kaszycka KA. Jan Strzałko (1943–2016). Nauka. 2016; 4/2016: 167–74.

Liczbińska G, Czapla Z, Nowak O, Piontek J. Body mass index values of conscripts in the Polish lands under Prussian rule in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Econ Hum Biol. 2016;21:75-83.

Liczbińska G. Die Heiratsmuster von Lutheranern im Regierungsbezirk Posen in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. [in] C. Kraft, M. Krzoska, I. Röskau-Rydel (Eds.). Zwischen Geschlecht und Nation. Interdependenzen und Interaktionen in der multiethnischen Gesellschaft Polens im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Osnabrűck: Fibre Verlag, 2016;153-67.

Liczbińska G, Czapla Z, Nowak O, Piontek J. Body mass index values of conscripts in the Polish lands under Prussian rule in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Econ Hum Biol. 2016; 21: 75–83.

Budnik A, Liczbińska G. Biological and cultural causes of seasonality of deaths 
in historical populations from Poland. Coll Antropol. 2015; 39: 491–99.

Krenz-Niedbała M, Kościński K, Puch EA, Zelent A, Bręborowicz A. Is the relationship between breastfeeding and childhood risk of asthma and obesity mediated by infant antibiotic treatment? Breastfeeding Medicine. 2015;10:326-33.

Liczbińska G. Lutherans in the Poznań province. Biological dynamics 
of the Lutheran population in the 19th and early 20th centuries. 2015; Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovač.

Liczbińska G, Nowak E. Reproductive behaviour in the Lutheran urban family from historical Poland (the Parish of St. Peter from Poznań, the second half of the 19th century). Hist Fam. 2015; 20: 122–40.

Łojko D, Wegner A, Czajkowska A, Jaracz K, Górna K, Pniewska J, Baron U, Liczbińska G, Gołębiewska A, Wieczorkowska-Tobis K, Suwalska A. Factors contributing to cognitive deficits in elderly residents of rural areas. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015; 19: 2590–96.